Let us begin our analysis with a broadly accepted premise: almost the entire population of immigrants from India at the beginning of the twentieth century had not the slightest intention to start a revolution in India. They were emigrating either for better employment prospects, as part of British Indian army for operations outside India, for higher studies abroad etc.
They had already experienced the state of the economy in India and had resigned themselves to the continuation of such socio-economic conditions being influenced by the ‘slave mentality’ resulting from past 150 years of domination by the British. As a result, when they slowly settled in and became aware of the advantages and opportunities available to them due to a free country they were now living in, they also realized what they were missing back home and this awareness in their mindset was perhaps in the back of their mind when the idea of a collective group was floated to safeguard their interest and to bring some cohesion among the disparate groups of immigrants across the social spectrum even at that point of time.
While the process of immigration has already been analysed in chapter 1, here we shall be looking at the resulting effects it had in genesis and promoting of the Ghadar phenominon. The Ghadar Party, if it had to succeed in its stated objectives, had to have an outreach program so that effective communication of its propaganda could be delivered to as large a group of immigrants as possible and indeed, even to people inside India at that time. That was where the magazine Ghadar came into the picture and eventually the whole organization, the revolution and the conspiracy itself came to be known as Ghadar. Starting from within America and Canada, its circulation spiraled at a rapid pace, being sent to the entire Far East Asia where the bulk of the Indian immigrants were located (including Japan, Philippines, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malay Straits, Batavia, Siam and Burma). An important factor in such rapid increase in circulation was also the fact that rather than restricting its printing to San Francisco, enthusiastic volunteers were making copies from duplicators purchased at the place of their residence in whichever country and spreading them around among sympathisers. Read more in the book.